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Carte d'identité du Cambodge - Biking Cambodia

Cambodge

Pays
Le Cambodge est l’un des derniers pays découverts en Asie du Sud-Est. Dans le passé, le peuple cambodgien eut à souffrir de longues années pendant le régime de terreur des Khmers rouges et la guerre civile. Aujourd’hui, le pays en a fini avec les guerres et voit son économie se développer. En particulier, le secteur du tourisme est en augmentation rapide et offre diverses possibilités d’emploi pour les sociétés locales. Les voyageurs expérimentés disent que « le Cambodge est comme la Thaïlande il y a vingt ans », avec des îles solitaires, des temples perdus dans la jungle et des régions rarement découvertes avec des tribus montagnardes.

Les villes les plus intéressantes à visiter

Battambang: Une grande partie du nord-ouest montre encore une influence thaïlandaise claire, en particulier dans le style des maisons – pas surprenant étant donné que la zone est passée sous contrôle thaïlandais à la fin du dix-huitième siècle et ne fut finalement retournée au Cambodge qu’en 1946.

Phnom Penh: Fondée en 1434, la ville est connue pour son architecture et ses attractions belles et historiques. Il y a un certain nombre de bâtiments coloniaux français qui ont survécu, ils sont disséminés le long des grands boulevards. Située sur les rives des rivières Tonlé Sap, Mékong et Bassac, la région métropolitaine de Phnom Penh abrite environ 2,2 millions d’habitants.

Sihanoukville: Krong Preah Sihanouk, également connue sous le nom ‘Kompong Som’ est une ville côtière au Cambodge et la ville capitale de la province de Sihanoukville. Elle est située sur une péninsule élevée dans le sud-ouest du pays dans le golfe de Thaïlande. La ville est bordée par une chaîne presque ininterrompue de plages le long de la totalité de son littoral avec le parc national de Ream près de la ville en direction de l’Est.

Siem Reap: Aussi appelée la ville des temples avec Angkor Wat qui a d’abord été un temple hindou puis, plus tard, bouddhiste, et le plus grand monument religieux du monde. Siem Reap est devenue une attraction touristique très animée.

Kep: Une fois la plus prestigieuse station balnéaire de l’élite cambodgienne, elle a été entièrement détruite par les Khmers rouges. Cette vieille ville coloniale française revit désormais grâce aux touristes en provenance de pays étrangers et le week-end les habitants de Phnom Penh viennent profiter de la plage et de la nourriture locale.

Kampot: Situé sur la rivière Kampot, Kampot est la capitale de la province de Kampot. Il y a beaucoup de “Kampot” en un seul endroit. Une ville tranquille, connue comme le point de départ pour des excursions à Bokor Mountain. Kampot permet de s’évader rapidement des villes du Cambodge. Située près de l’océan, à proximité du Vietnam, vous pouvez voyager à Sihanoukville et Phnom Penh en quelques heures, et atteindre le Vietnam en seulement une heure. En outre, la station balnéaire d’origine du Cambodge, Kep, se trouve à une courte distance en voiture.

Kratie: Kratie est une petite ville rurale située à la rivière du Mékong.
C’est une ville charmante avec une architecture coloniale française qui a survécu et quelques cafés et bars desservant le tourisme naissant. L’attraction principale est de voir les dauphins dans le fleuve Mékong.
Il y a seulement environ 85 dauphins dans le Mékong, mais il y a possibilité d’en voir à Kampi. Comme les dauphins de rivière, ces animaux ne se rapprochent généralement pas des bateaux mais montrent de la curiosité envers les bateaux touristiques comme des dauphins marins.

Faits rapides

Nom officiel: Royaume du Cambodge
Superficie: 181.035 km2 (59 % couverts par la forêt)
Provinces: 24
Capitale: Phnom Penh
Îles: 30 (environs de Sinahoukville et Kep)
Climat: Tropical sec et humide
Population: 14.805.358 (plus de 50 % ont moins de 21ans)
Langue: Khmer
Religion: Bouddhisme Theravada
Gouvernement: Démocratie constitutionnelle
Roi: Norodom Sihamoni
Premier ministre: Hun Sen


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